Callus and corns

Hard skin (callus) occurs very commonly and almost always in areas of increased pressure.

Skin is pressure receptive, that is the more pressure is applied to the skin (via direct pressure such as standing, or via shear pressures such as your shoes rubbing) the thicker the skin makes itself in order to protect itself.

This is not always a problem, for instance, this is why the skin on the soles of your feet and hands are thicker than elsewhere on the body. However, when there is a localised thickening there is usually discomfort too.

A corn (or ‘Helloma Duram’ as it is technically known) is essentially a specific point of pressure that develops into a cone of hard skin.

Treatment of corns and callus
  • For light callus one of the easiest things to use is a good quality foot file. Ideally one that feels like sandpaper (though made of more robust materials).
  • The sandpaper ones are generally safer than some of the other varieties since it takes layers of hard skin off rather than removing chunks (which is how the ones that look like cheese/nutmeg graters work).
  • The foot file should be used on the skin when it is bone dry and not soaked first. It will come off as a fine powder so have a towel ready. Afterwards apply a good moisturiser.
  • Moderate to heavy callus formation with or without corns present will likely need treatment via a Podiatrist who will carefully remove the hard skin and the corns.

“Corns and callus are NOT the cause, they are the effect. It is the abnormal pressure loads that cause them, unless these are dealt with via footwear and/or orthotic use then they will continue to return.”

For more help and information make an appointment with us here.