Glossary

  • Calcaneous: The heel bone.
  • Osgood-Schlatters: A condition effecting the knee. Caused by traction of the patella tendon pulling on the bone of the tibia. Only affects youngsters while growing. Presents as pain on the front of the knee which is worse after periods of exercise.
  • Plantar Fasciitis: An acute injury to the foot of the Plantar Aponeurosis usually at its attachment to the heel bone (Calcaneous).
  • Plantar Fasciosis: A longer duration injury to the foot of the Plantar Aponeurosis.
  • Plantar Aponeurosis: The main tendon under the foot that connects the heel bone (Calcaneous) with the ball of the foot and the toes.
  • Supination: A Term used to describe the movement of a limb (in this case the foot) where it becomes high arched. The opposite of Pronation.
  • Supinated: A term used to describe the position of a limb (in this case the foot) where it is at its highest arched position.
  • Neuroma: A thickened nerve.
  • RICE: An acronym for Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation.
  • Sinding-Larssens-Johannsens: A condition similar to Osgood-Schlatters but which effects the bottom part of the knee cap.
  • Pronation: A term used to describe the movement of a limb (in this case the foot) where the foot becomes more flattened.
  • Pronated: A term used to describe the position of a limb (in this case the foot) where it is at its flattest.
  • Osteo-arthritis: Abnormal wear and tear of the joints, usually from use.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Chronic condition which can effect the whole body though usually present as multiple painful joints. This is an autoimmune condition where the body attacks itself.
  • Osteophyte: A type of bone spur, a bony projection that forms along joints.